1. The myth of China threat, (originally from Japan Focus) by former Australian diplomat Gregory Clark through his own first hand experience.
- bonus: interesting discussion of other international cases related to the East China Sea dispute.
- Terrill's 6 goals are: 1) internal stability; 2)sustain economic growth; 3)foreign policy to support #2; 4) "to replace US influence in East Asia" in Terrill's words, I would paraphrase it as "expand its regional role", as expanding one's influence does not neccessarily mean drive the other totally away. China knows it is impossible to replace US; 5) 'foster a perception as equal to US; 6) "to 'regain' territories that Beijing feels rightfully belong within the PRC"
- #1-3 are clearly sub-goals of #2. As Terrill said, #2 is also a way to enhance the 'legitimatcy' of CCP's rule.
- #4 also supports #2. More influence in the examples Terrill provided (such as 6-party talk reguading DPRK nuke) will help China negotiate with US on trade issues. In fact, the tough appraoch by US only encouraged (or forced) China to take DPRK as a bargaining chip.
- #5 is not really a goal, it is more an obsession. But international status does help to support the 'legitimacy of the CCP regime'
- #6 is not really a goal. And it is really about Taiwan. (Outer Manchuria/etc were formally relinquished, even though on could argue that new treaties in future could nullify treaties signed today, as Russia had done that in the 19th century) China's goal on Taiwan (for next 20-30 years) is more like to "prevent a formal independence" than "push for re-unification". A formal breakaway of Taiwan will imply losing face and legitimacy of the CCP regime.
- As the 88s commented below: aren't these the basic goal of every government/nation in the world? well, maybe except that of the US and a few others nations, who would like to pursue a grander goal than that.
The essay is full of Western ignorance and uncritical tale copying, which I am not going to waste time to nitpick. I will just provide an example here.
- Terrill said, "Communist China, astonishingly, inherited the borders of the Qing empire at its grandest, including Tibet, southern Mongolia, and the Muslim west that was once East Turkestan." As a matter of fact, the old dynasties prior Qing might not have controlled all of Xinjiang other than during Han, Tang and some other short periods (about 1200-1300 years out of the past 2200 years), "East Turkestan" only existed for two years throughout the whole of history (1932-34, 6 years in total if you count the Soviet puppet from 1945-49). These 2 ETA controlled only a small portion (less than 10% in area) of current Xinjiang. Before Qing's conquest, Xinjiang was under (Mongolian Dzungars Khanate and a number of smaller Khanates, none of them were called Turkestan. Before and during Ming, it was part of the Mongolian Chagatai Khanate. Before that, it was under (Tungus) Khitan Khanate (aka Western Liao).